• Archival Information

November 2015

This month we farewelled three of our long-term staff members, Sabah, Olivia and Vanessa. The staff celebrated their time at Greenacre Dental with a farewell luncheon. We wish these young ladies all the best in their future! On that note we welcome three new staff members to our team: Julie, Sevi and Lydia.

We send our congratulations to former employee Rhonda who welcomed her second child, Savva, at 8.41am on the 14th of September. Mum and baby are doing well!

Savva Sept 14

Dr Chris Papastavros finished up his year of sponsorship with the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs at their end of season function at Le Montage, Lilyfield. Many of the players often receive treatment at the surgery including post-game emergency restorative procedures. Dr Chris snapped a great photo with his jersey sponsored player, Josh Jackson (below).




Pacifiers (aka dummies) have been used since the 1600’s to sedate the child in period of non-feeding, till they fell asleep. The sucking reflex is very soothing to small children and allows them to remain quiet or fall asleep when in use. They are also preferred to thumb sucking, because being a removable object you can train a child to discontinue use.


Pros & Cons

  • Soothes a fussy baby
  • Offers temporary distraction (e.g. during shots or blood tests)
  • Helps the baby fall asleep
  • Reduces the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  • Easier to break the habit than thumb-sucking/disposable


  • Interferes with feeding (particularly recognition of breast feeding)
  • Dependence on pacifier
  • Increases risk of middle ear infections

Prolonged use causes dental problems.Prolonged use does cause dental problems, particularly affecting the slant and direction of teeth. This leads to other issues in later years including tooth formation, decay acceleration and speech impairment.

Discontinuing Use Physiologists recommend explaining to the child the negatives of pacifier use and set a day in advance to cease use. Once this day arrives, remove all pacifiers or bottles from the house and re-explain to the child the negatives of pacifier use. By giving notice, your child feels in control of the situation and can distinguish the consequences of using dummies. Allow the infant to participate in throwing the dummies away; allow them to even decorate a box or tin that the pacifiers can be thrown away in. Reward good behaviour and tell them they that are now a big boy or girl.


Tips In Discontinuing Use of Pacifiers

The Journal of Paediatric Nursing recommends removing pacifiers at 3 years old (this also includes bottle feeding or breast feeding). This prevents any issues from occurring orally in later years.

Avoid negative reinforcement when weening your child from dummy use.

Never dip the dummy into anything sweet as a way of soothing the child.

Try trading the pacifier for a stuffed animal before bed.

Never replace feeding with pacifier use.


October 2015

This month our Greenacre Dental dentists Dr Chris Papastavros and Dr Huy Dinh, and our hygienist Ari Kontominas, attended the yearly Meriden Golf Day. Our hygienist Ari also attended the Colgate Oral Health seminar in Sydney, representing the surgery. He was informed on up-to-date on the oral health benefits of Colgate toothpastes. Feel free to ask him any questions about good oral hygiene at your next dental appointment!


Thrush is an infection caused by candida – a fungus – also known as yeast. Candida infections are not limited to the mouth; they can occur in other parts of the body and anyone (of all ages) can be exposed to it.


Symptoms of oral thrush include:

  • Sudden onset, which persists over a long period of time.
  • White creamy, raised lesions over the tongue and cheeks
  • Pain or difficulty when swallowing
  • A feeling that food gets stuck in the throat or mid-chest region
  • Tenderness and redness when brushing
  • Fever (due to the spreading of the yeast infection)
  • In severe or untreated cases, lesions may spread to throat and esophagus.


Candida fungus is always present in the mouth, the digestive tract and the skin. It usually is kept maintained by the work of other bacteria and microorganisms. However certain illnesses, stress or medications disturb this balance and cause the candida to grow out of control. Diabetics, HIV infected people or sufferers of cancer are more likely to experience oral thrush. People taking corticosteroids or antibiotics are also at higher risk.

nystainNystatin Drops are one form of treatment for oral thrush.


September 2015



Unfortunately, there are costs associated to dental visits and maintaining your teeth, particularly with restorative or dental work. Fortunately though, individuals can take proactive action to minimise dental problems caused by lifestyle activities and reduce dental costs.

Stop drinking sodas  Smoking is a harmful habit that can also be very expensive for individuals and households. Smoking masks gum disease whilst simultaneously accelerating it. It also increases the risk of oral cancer, tooth staining and other illnesses. Not only will you save money by quitting, but improve your physiological and oral wellbeing.

Cancel gym memberships  Limiting sweet and acid-prone foods will reduce your tooth decay. Unhealthy foods i.e. foods packed in sugar, carbohydrates and fat are not good for your body or mouth, accelerating tooth decay and costing your expensive charges to repair. Instead of snacking on sweets or fast foods, munch of many fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of water and brush after breakfast and before bed daily.

Prevention is better than a cure – oral health is linked to overall health so oral diseases can affect your general wellbeing. Prevent dental deterioration by managing your oral condition.


August 2015

With July featuring a block of school holidays, we have decided to provide some information and insight onto DECAY. Considering 20% of children under 5 and 90% of teenagers in Australia have decay, requiring tooth extraction or repair/restoration. Decay starts at home and is also prevented at home by parental instruction, healthy and sugar-free diets and good oral hygiene.



What is decay and why is it so bad? 

Decay is the state or process of rotting decomposition where bacteria has infested a previously healthy area. It can compromise other areas and result in severe health risks.

 decay 2

Signs & symptoms:

  • Toothache & Pain
  • Tooth sensitivity to cold and hot
  • Mild/sharp pain when eating or drinking
  • Visible holes or pits in your teeth
  • Brown, black or white staining on any surface of a tooth
  • You may not even be aware that a cavity is forming. It is important to maintain regular check-ups to spot these problems early, even when your mouth is feeling fine. If you do experience mouth pain, seek dental health.


When to see a dentist:

You may not even be aware that a cavity is forming. It is important to maintain regular check-ups to spot these problems early, even when your mouth is feeling fine. If you do experience mouth pain, seek dental health.



Cavities are formed by tooth decay (a problem which happens over time, not overnight).

Decay develops by

Plaque formation

The mouth naturally contains bacteria. Foods with excess sugar or carbohydrates can linger in the mouth and if brushing isn’t performed bacteria produces acid which attacks the tooth.

Plaque attack

The acids in plaque (a sticky white film) remove minerals in your tooth’s hard, outer enamel causing erosion. Erosion with plaque causes tiny holes to form in the enamel. Once areas are worn away, bacteria enters the next layer of the tooth called the dentin.


Bacteria and acid now form a “home” in the dentin, moving to the next layer of the tooth (the pulp or nerve). This irritates the body’s immune system and signs of decay begin to show such as toothache, sensitivity and pain. You may also experience an infection or abscess since the nerve is connected to the body’s immune system and blood stream.


An abscess is a pocket of pus that is caused by bacterial infection.


Risk factors:

  • Tooth location (molars and premolars particularly wisdom teeth are at highest risk)
  • Diet (sugary drinks and foods increase bacteria)
  • Frequent sipping or snacking
  • Bedtime feeding (particularly with infants and toddlers using bottles)
  • Inadequate brushing technique
  • Not getting enough fluoride
  • Dry mouth (limited saliva in the mouth)
  • Medical conditions e.g. heart disease, diabetes, GORD or eating disorders particularly Complications: Worst case scenario is an infection or abscess needing hospitalisation which isn’t as rare as people think. Decay may cause tooth loss but usually results in expensive restorative work (filling) with future maintenance.

If you’re undergoing a filling (to treat decay) – stay calm , composed, take medication as prescribed and follow dentist orders.

To prevent decay, eat a moderate and healthy diet, brush regularly and maintain regular dental visits.

Awaiting your filling appointment – take over the counter medications to ease pain, perform salt water rinses to limit infection and avoid sweet, cold or hot foods.


May & June 2015

In May, some of the Greenacre Dental staff attended the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs Women’s in League Night at the Canterbury Leagues Club with Bulldog’s CEO Raelene Castle (below right). It was an excellent opportunity to learn how the club operates corporately in which the surgery’s sponsorship is under. In June, our hygienist Ari attended a hygiene and oral health talk at Mickey’s Preschool, Greenacre with dental assistant Olivia (below left).


Halitosis or Bad Breath


  • The main cause is the sulphur-producing bacteria- living on tongue and in throat.
  • Smoking – starves the mouth of oxygen
  • Dry mouth – caused by alcohol, stress, certain medication or medical conditions.
  • Dental infections – periodontal disease (gum disease)
  • Nasal or sinus infections – e.g. chronic sinusitis
  • Stomach problems – acid or bile reflux causes bad odour from the mouth
  • Poor oral hygiene – lack of brushing,
  • Certain foods – onions, garlic and cauliflower to name a few

bad breath

Symptoms of Halitosis include:

  • A white coating on the tongue
  • Dry mouth
  • Thick saliva
  • Foul taste in the mouth and upon the breath



Treatment needs to solve the problem – whatever the problem may be!

Avoiding dehydration, maintaining good oral hygiene including brushing, flossing and using mouthwash, quitting smoking, abstaining from smelly foods, using breath mints when needed and even using gentle scrapers on the tongue to clear sulphur bacteria are all effect treatment for halitosis.


For chronic sinusitis, a saline nasal spray may be useful, though antibiotics may be needed to reduce the growth of oral bacteria. Speaking to a dentist can confirm this treatment or diagnose the issue altogether.


Further reading and information can be found at:


April 2015

The previous month the Greenacre Dental attended the Canterbury Bulldogs Annual Golf Day. Principal Dentist, Dr Chris Papastavros sponsored a hole at the course. Also, hygienist Ari Kontominas, gave a talk to the young pupils at Chullora Public School, informing them about optimal dental hygiene and brushing technique. Students thoroughly enjoyed the talk and the audio-visual presentation Ari presented.

We’d like to wish our patients a very happy Easter holiday. We hope you don’t eat too much chocolate and care for those pearly whites.


Six Special Ways to Celebrate Loosing Baby Teeth – A Guide for Parents

Losing a tooth is a big moment in a child’s life, particularly their first tooth. It is a pleasant idea to celebrate and commemorate this event. With school holidays approaching, and we’re guessing some loose teeth around, let’s suggest some ideas to celebrate your children’s tooth loss!

Simple ideas:

  • The tooth fairy
    • Use a tooth case or a miniature pillow to place the tooth
    • Write a letter to her
  • Snap a picture of the gap between the child’s teeth
    • Note the date the tooth fell out
    • Stick it up somewhere special
  • Make a scrapbook with your child’s teeth experiences
    • Include losing their first tooth
    • Add pictures
    • Let him or her write an entry about losing their tooth
    • Add in entries from other dental milestones – first trip to the dentist and other baby teeth loss
  • Make “tooth cupcakes” and hold a family party
    • Decorate the cakes with little teeth figures
  • Set up arts and crafts
    • Use white felt and glue on buttons to create your own tooth figurine
    • Personalise a frame (perhaps the photograph taken of your child’s new gappy smile) with sparkles and dental stickers.
  • Take your child out somewhere special to mark the occasion e.g. a favourite restaurant or the cinema


March 2015

This month Dr Chris Papastavros and hygienist Mr Ari Kontominas attending a periodontal conference in Waterloo, updating and developing their knowledge on oral hygiene and its effects. Also Dr Chris also drew his jersey for the Canterbury Bankstown Bulldogs 2015 sponsored player by Greenacre Dental at the club’s launch at Curzon Hall. Greenacre Dental will be sponsoring player 11.


Crossbite, Overbite, Underbite


Crossbite is the condition that arises due to irregularities of the occlusal surface of the tooth. One or more teeth may be titled towards the cheek (the buccal) or towards the tongue (lingual) compared to the tooth above it. It can happen on one or both sides of the jaw. This condition can cause stress on the jaw. It is usually heredity due to the shape of the jaw (governed by genes). It can also happen when there is a delayed loss of baby teeth or careless thumb sucking.



Overbite is the overlapping of upper teeth over the tops of lower teeth. Usually the gap should be 3-5mm but overlaps greater than 5mm is classified as abnormal. It is the most common form of incorrect bite and is related to genetics. It can be worsened by other factors like pacifiers, thumb sucking or tongue thrusting. It is very obvious in looks. It can also cause headaches due to temporomandibular joint stress when chewing.



Underbite is a condition of the lower teeth landing in front of the upper teeth when the jaw is closed. Ideally the front teeth are supposed to lie behind the upper teeth. Underbite affects the molars and incisor teeth. Underbite sufferers have a prominent lower jaw. This occurs due to genetic reasons though thumb-sucking and bas chewing habits can worsen the condition. Adenoids or allergies cause children to breathe through their mouth and may cause the condition to develop. Underbite patients may experience difficulty chewing.

Any questions concerning the above conditions call 97502080 and book to see our hygienist Ari. Though we do not offer orthodontic treatment at our surgery, we have a team of highly qualified and professional orthodontics we refer to.


February 2015

Soft Drink & Oral Health

Tooth decay is a very serious problem affecting millions of people world-wide. Moreover, it remains a global issue since poor diet is preventable. Most people drink 600mL of soft drink per day (approximately 13 teaspoons of sugar). Sports drinks and energy drinks similarly contain large quantities of sugar. These drinks have high acid levels which potentially damage teeth. Soft drink is converted to acid in the mouth by bacteria. Acid leads to tooth decay and dental erosion. Soft drink also contains fermentable carbohydrates (sugar and starch) which accelerate tooth decay. Excessive soft drink consumption can lead to obesity, diabetes, increased gastric problems and vitamin deficiencies. Recent research has shown excessive soft drink consumption particularly with Coca Cola leads to osteoporosis and depression.

WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT! If you choose to drink soft drink, rinsing your mouth out with water or drinking water afterwards improves decay risk. Chewing sugar-free gum may also help since saliva is replenished and neutralises the mouth.   FAQ Sugar-free soft drink is okay to consume like diet coke?

soda impacting the body

In brief, no. sugar-free soft drinks may not cause an increase in decay but they still contain acid which increases dental erosion.   If there a way I can consume soft drink safely? It is best to limit soft drink, but if you chose to drink it make sure to:

    • Only have it during meal times
    • Drink it through a straw
    • Do not brush your teeth straight after consumption
    • Drink water or chew sugar-free gum afterwards





January 2015

After a busy year, the Greenacre Dental team enjoyed their Christmas Party, hosted at Macini’s Restaurant in Belfield. IMG_1416Our team has also earned a well- deserved break over Christmas; during which, our surgery was painted and refreshed for another year of successful business.

Before Christmas, Canterbury-Bulldogs halfback and NSW Blues star Trent Hodgkinson paid Greenacre Dental a visit. Trent and dental assistant Cassandra snapped a “selfie” whilst undergoing his treatment (left).

Here are our 5 New Year Dental Resolutions for 2015:

  • Eat dental friendly foods (avoid the 3 S’s – sugars, sodas and sticky carbohydrates)
  • Brush twice a day and floss regularly
  • Get on top of gum disease
  • Maintain good dental habits and routine, especially for children
  • Stop smoking

Therefore, our team has proposed a brief segment on oral health and smoking to inspire smokers to quit for good, to salvage their dental condition.   Oral Health & Smoking Smoking is a major risk to your health, including oral health. Nicotine, found in tobacco, is a vaso-constrictor, meaning it contracts blood vessels to reduce blood flow. This directly stops blood to the gums in the mouth and bone which disguises signs of gum disease and decreases the body’s efficiency to combat oral infection.   smoking and oral health Dental Problems Associated to Smoking

  • Gum disease
    • Disguises signs of gum disease e.g. bleeding gums
  • Decreases body’s efficiency to combat oral infection.
  • Impaired healing
  • Thicker mucous saliva formation increases
    • Accelerates decay
  • Oral cancer risk increases
    • Non-smokers are 3x more likely to survive oral cancer than smokers.
  • Decreases or loss of oral sensation and taste
  • Increases likelihood of tooth loss or extraction
  • Tooth staining
  • Decreased success of cosmetic work including implants
  • Bad breath

Caring for Teeth and Gums as a Smoker Increased oral hygiene can slow down oral deterioration but the effects of smoking are inevitable.

  • Quit smoking
  • Brush twice a day and floss
  • Use fluoride
  • Avoid having a dry mouth e.g. regularly drink water and chew sugar-free gum
  • Limit alcohol intake

Quitting Tips Quitting smoking can take several attempts and often involves relapse. Quit courses, counselling over the telephone or in person and nicotine replacement therapy can provide support for smoking-quitters. The great news about quitting smoking is that immediate benefits occur after refraining including better breathing, increased blood flow, improved immune system and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. Life expectancy can also increase by 10 years. Ring Quitline on 137 848 for free advice and support or see your pharmacist, doctor or dentist for strategy or further information. Remember to set yourself short-term achievable goals.


December 2014

This month our Principal Dentist Dr Chris Papastavros and hygienist Ari Kontominas attended the All In Four Dental Implant Seminar hosted by the St George Dental Association, continuing the teams education on implant surgery success.

The surgery also received Dale Finucane’s jersey – The Greenacre Dental sponsored Canterbury Bulldogs Player for 2014. We think it looks spectacular in our surgery’s hallway.


Dental Fissures or Sealants

  • Sealants are plastic coatings which over the occlusal (chewing) surfaces of the permanent back teeth known as molars.
  • Occlusal surfaces feature grooves (or fissure) on them which are vulnerable to decay.
  • Fissures are deep pits and hard to reach so decay easily sits on the grooves.
  • Sealants prevent decay by covering the groovy surfaces.
  • It is best to get sealants on the molar teeth when they first erupt through (11-13 years old)
  • Sealants prevent decay acceleration and the need for a filling.
  • Sealants are clear, white or slightly see-through.
  • They last 3-5 years.
  • The sealant administration procedure is safe, painless and effective for decay control.
  • Brushing, flossing and fluoride use should still be of the highest standard to maintain oral hygiene.

The procedure for sealant application is simple and quick: first the tooth surface is scaled and cleaned by the dentist and washed and dried. Then an acidic solution is placed on the area in preparation before being rinsed off. A liquid sealant is placed on the tooth and hardened. A special UV light hardens the material so it becomes a varnish plastic coat. The tooth can now be used again as normal .


November 2014

It has been a very busy month for the Greenacre Dental Team. Dr Chris Papastavros celebrated a well earned year with the Bankstown-Canterbury Bulldogs at their end of season function at Le Montage (seen below). Greenacre Dental also sponsored and attended the annual Meriden School Golf Day (seen below) and the 50th Anniversary of All Saint’s Greek Orthodox Church Ball. We wish all well and congratulations.

IMG_1092                             IMG_1093                       IMG_2303 - Copy

November is oral cancer awareness month so we have provided some brief information below for your reading. Oral Cancer Cancer is an uncontrollable growth of cells that causes damage via invasion to surrounding tissues. Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore that does not go away for a prolonged period of time. Oral cancer includes cancer of the lip, tongue, cheek, mouth floor, hard/soft palate, sinuses and throat.   Symptoms

  • Swelling/thickening of lips, gums or internal stoma area
  • Prominent rough lumps in the mouth
  • Unexplained oral bleeding
  • Unexplained numbness of the mouth or face
  • Persistent sores on the face, neck or mouth that bleed easily
  • Difficulty chewing or speaking
  • Chronic sore throat

Risks of Oral Cancer

  • Men face 2x the risk of developing oral cancer opposed to women.
  • Smokers are 6x more likely to develop oral cancer opposed to non-smokers.
  • Smokeless tobacco users (dipping, snuffing or chewing tobacco) are 50x more likely to develop cancer of the cheek or gums.
  • Excessive consumers of alcohol are 6x more likely to develop oral cancer than non-drinkers.
  • Family history of oral cancer
  • Excessive sun exposure, especially to the face.

It’s important to note that people experiencing none of the above risks can still be diagnosed with oral cancer.   Diagnosis Oral cancer is diagnosed during routine dental exams. Your dentist may notice something usual in your mouth (one of the above symptoms) or a prominent growth. They will feel for any irregular tissue masses, discolouration or sores. They refer off for a biopsy to surgically determine diagnosis. Biopsies are painless procedures where a small sample of suspicious tissue is taken and analysed for abnormalities. It is a vital tool in detecting oral cancer and preventing its spread.

October 2014

Child Dental Benefit Scheme (CDBS) The Child Dental Benefit Scheme was initiated in 2014 by Medicare from the Department of Human Services. It provides $1000 for dental services depending on family access per child for two consecutive calendar years. The $1000 is granted from the government with fixed pricing as allowed by Medicare bulk billing. Funds roll into the second year if balance remains. Eligibility – Children and teenagers aged between 2-17 are eligible for dental services over two calendar consecutive years. The child must be a Medicare recipient and part of a family who receives Tax Benefit Part A or government payable services. A letter regarding child eligibility for the scheme is sent to the familial address. Parents can check eligibility by contacting human services at Medicare by the following link: or by calling 132 011. Services covered by the CDBS –  Examinations, x-rays, cleans, fissure sealants, fillings, root canals and extractions.  Orthodontic services and other cosmetic work or hospital work is not covered by the scheme. Accessing the CDBS – Once determining eligibility, book an appointment for your dentist at a private or public dental surgery. At this appointment, please bring your eligibility letter and Medicare card. The dentist will discuss the proposed treatment for the child and the bulk-billed costs. They will get you to sign a consent form, agree to the treatment and accept your paperwork. Paying for CDBS – The dentist will bulk-bill your child’s treatment to Medicare by submitting a claim with the services completed on the day. This requires your Medicare card. Prices are set by the government and you will receive all processes receipts for the services. We ask you to please file away in a secure place all receipts from your child’s treatment in case for future reference. If you have exceeded the available CDBS funds, the dentist will not be paid from the scheme any further. They may ask you to pay the outstanding difference and will warn you the money was been reached. Out of pocket costs cannot be claimed by Medicare since they have exceeded your threshold. For more information visit or call 132 011. Flyers or pamphlets are available in Chinese, Italian, Spanish, Greek or Vietnamese from Medicare. Ari, our hygienist, specialises with children and teenage dental care and is handles majority of our CDBS patients. Feel free to call us at Greenacre Dental to either ask inquiries regarding the CDBS or book an appointment.

September 2014

IMG_0793Dr Chris Papastavros treating James Graham, a first grade player of the Canterbury-Bulldogs NRL team.

Dr Chris has been proudly sponsoring and treating players for 4 years. This year he also sponsored player number 15. With the NRL sponsorship season coming to a close, the Greenacre Dental team attended the final home game in the Corporate lounge.

  TMJ The temporomandibular joint is a hinge on the lower jaw (mandible) that is connected to the skull and either side of the ears, made of flexible muscle and aid chewing, talking and yawning movements. TMJ is a disorder of the TMJ (jaw and facial muscles) which inhibit facial activity e.g. chewing, talking and opening the mouth.   Causes?

  • Neck or head injury e.g. whiplash
  • Grinding or clenching teeth – subconscious squeezing of the jaw
  • Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in TMJ bone
  • Stress (accompanied with clenching + grinding)

Diagnosis? A dentist or hygienist can diagnose TMJ following a dental examination. Symptoms?

  • Pain/tenderness in the face, jaw, neck and ears during speaking or chewing.
  • Limited ability to open the mouth
  • Clicking, popping or grating sounds when jaw is opened
  • Tired feeling around the face
  • Difficulty or discomfort during chewing or biting
  • Jaw becomes locked when opened
  • Headache/ earache/ toothache/ neckache

Treatment Possibilities?

  • Wearing a night guard/splint – a plastic mouthpiece that stops the teeth meeting, and prevents clenching and grinding.
  • Applying heat/cold packs – apply to temple/neck region for 10 minutes 3x a day
  • Medications – anti-inflammatory medicines (e.g. Neurofen)
  • Relaxation techniques e.g. massaging, stretching.

brux massageMassaging or stretching are both suitable relaxation techniques to relieve jaw pain and tension.

August 2014

1st Time Denture Problems Dentures

  1. Steaming or boiling food

Avoid crunchy foods (e.g. apples, potato chips) and melt, blend or boil food for a softer consistency. Also cut up smaller portion bites to avoid extra chewing.

  1. Talking difficulties

Talk slowly and loudly to notice talking abnormalities or to correct mispronunciation.

  1. Sore gums

Take the denture out at night. Massage and squeeze the gums to promote circulation.

  1. Mouth feels dry

Staying hydrated is the main way to relieve dry mouth.

  1. Excess saliva in the mouth

Frequently sipping water can ease the feeling of excess saliva in the mouth.

  1. The denture keeps slipping/teeth not meeting properly.

A denture adjustment is the best bet for eliminating a slipping denture. Do not put creams or adhesives as the layers will build up and cause the gum to shrink over time.

  1. My gums are sore or bleeding since I got my denture.

A dental prosthodontist may need to adjust or examine the denture to accommodate its shape and size, because it is impacting on the gums.   Though we do not make new dentures at our surgery, we are happy to perform an exam and consult, or refer you to a prosthodontist.

July 2014

Formal 60004Watch out for Greenacre Bowling and Recreation Club scoring cards which feature our surgery on the back.

The Invention of the Dental Chair In 1790, American dentist Josiah Flagg created a special dental chair, by adding a mobile head rest onto a wooden chair.The arm extension was suitable for dental equipment to sit. 42 years later, James Snell from London, England, created the first fully reclinable chair. In 1867 the first modern chair was developed thanks to Dr James Beal lMorrison. He introduced additional features such as a footrest, ball-and-socket beneath the chair, foot pedal and vertical adjustment. He also invented a variety of dental accessories and instruments which were both attachable and non-attachable to the chair. The chair’s were either made of fabric or leather. Just like other aspects of dentistry, chair technology continues to advance. Today’s chairs do not feature wood, but steel, plastic and aluminium. It runs both electronically or hydraulically. They feature plenty of electrical sockets for equipment and are stored within the machine to minimise dangerous occurrences. Nowadays the chairs are made of comfortable heavy and padded plastic to make seating more hygienic. Modern seats extend to 6 feet and 330 pounds (~150Kg) for all sized and shaped patients.

June 2014

During May, Greenacre Dental attended two corporate Canterbury Bulldogs events: Night with the Coaches & The Marketing Bulldogs Breakfast.

The team also attended TePe Dental Conference in Sydney’s CBD. TePe is a Swedish dental manufacturer, who supplies to Australia and specialises with up-to-date and efficient oral health equipment (such as toothbrushes, interdental brushes and hygiene products). IMG_0572

Tooth whitening Not everyone’s teeth require whitening. Our team is happy to perform an assessment to find your suitability. A proper assessment to find suitability checks: enamel thickness, receding gums, sensitivity, tooth decay, restorative work e.g. fillings, crowns, veneers, and current oral diseases e.g. gum disease.

What can go wrong? The following side effects can occur during tooth whitening: reduction of hardness and strength of enamel, inflamed gums, blistering, heightened tooth sensitivity, gum irritation, possible gum bleeding and discolouration of cosmetic work like fillings.

Naturally whitening teeth – There are easier and more cost effective ways to keep your teeth brighter, naturally. They are:

  1. Brushing 2x a day with fluoride toothpaste
  2. Flossing
  3. Chewing sugar free gum
  4. Drinking water and consuming a sensible diet
  5. Avoid staining agents – cigarettes, tea, coffee, spicy or curry based foods.

Expectations Depending discolouration causes, results can range from impressive to disappointing. One must understand what can reasonably be achieved during whitening.

Still in Doubt? Check out this information guide to see if you’re eligible for whitening:

May 2014

We like to congratulate our hygienist Ari and his wife Amelia on the birth of their beautiful baby daughter, Myla. Myla arrived on the 16th of April 2014. We wish the new parents and baby well.

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Diastema – Gaps Between Teeth

What is it? It is a significant size gap between two teeth.

Reasons for diastema? A mismatch between the size of the jaw and the size of teeth exists, teeth are too small for the jaw bone, absent teeth, thumb sucking or periodontal disease. Orthodontic correction is usually required.

Symptoms?  Other than the visual, cosmetic signs, the tongue may often thrust into the gaps. Swallowing may feel uncomfortable. Teeth may feel loose. Prevention? Not all spaces can be prevented, but maintaining good oral health is necessary.

Treatment? Orthodontic treatment is the best way to treat diastema. Braces or Invisalign cause the teeth to move, to close the gaps. Dentists sometimes suggest crowns or veneers to enlarge tooth size. More extensive repair may be needed for very large gaps e.g. implants or dentures. If the tissue is too large, a frectonomy may be done i.e. to remove the tissue.

diastema makeover  Diastema is featured on two different patients (left). Two cosmetic solutions  show options to straightening diastema (right).


 April 2014

This month our principal dentist – Dr Chris Papastavros – and our hygenist – Ari Kontominas – gave an oral hygiene and emergency instruction lecture at the club’s offices in Sydney Olympic Park to the Western Sydney Giants. The pair enjoyed educating the players on protocol to follow with an on-field dental emergency. MCA81FC99CA18OJ33CAHZS259CADGPL2UCAP5YZIJCALA9S3OCA328HEWCAF2YYAACAZWNQ1BCAN6CSM4CAACA8R7CA97RZSZCAQGAAKWCA9KIG0FCA2M1QGYCAI5XWIPCA15VVX8CAV0OHEPCABCATCJ


This month, learn what foods are good and bad for teeth:

Good   Bad  
Water- A  great rinsing agent, neutralises the mouth. Carbonated drinks e.g.   Coca Cola, Fanta, Sprite – Contain large doses   of sugar, enamel eroding acids.
Green and Black Tea – Slows the   growth of bacteria, fights bad breath. Energy drinks e.g.   Mother, V, Red Bull – Contain   large doses of sugar and eroding enamel acids.
Sultanas – Contains   phytochemicals, destroys bacteria Starchy foods e.g.   potato chips, white bread, pasta – Can become   lodged between teeth and turn into sugar.
Carrots and cucumbers – Cleans the teeth,   stimulates saliva flow. Caramel, hard candies   and lollipops – Clingy sugars which   stick to the teeth.
Almonds – Keeps tooth   enamel strong. Alcohol – Full of   sugar, reduces saliva flow and dehydrates the body.
Sugarless gum – Stimulates   saliva to clear bacteria. Citrus fruits – Strips the enamel   off the tooth, may stain tooth.
Milk – Neutralises mouth   acid, contains calcium Picked veggies – Vinegar   causes lesions to form on tooth
Cranberries – Lower risk of cavities due to polyphenols Popcorn – Lodges itself between teeth, difficult to floss out, resulting in bacteria growth. Kernels   also break tooth surfaces.
Cheese-Lower acid levels in   the mouth, destroy bacteria. Ice – Chips or   break teeth.
Curry and red sauce – Causes   cosmetic staining to match sauce colour.

Frequently Asked Questions

I drink diet sodas. Why am I getting in trouble for this? Diet sodas contain high levels of acid and can produce the same effects of non-diet, sugary soft drinks.

I thought brushing after meals is the right thing to do. Why have I been informed otherwise? Brushing after eating actually removes weakened enamel, wearing it away. Alternatively, rinsing your mouth with water after eating or chewing free sugar stimulates saliva flow, and is more productive for enamel.

What are some healthy, “good” snacks I can make ?

  • Cheese on low GI crackers
  • Plain yoghurt with fresh fruit
  • Raw veggies with dip  or cottage cheese
  • Watermelon, pineapple and pear skewers

Swap  sugary breakfasts foods like “Cocoa Pops”, “Froot Loops” and“Frosties” for “Oats”, “Weet-Bix” or “Oat-Bran”. Swap sweet desert puddings, chocolate and cake for fruit salad, dried apricots, home-made smoothies and sugar-free ice cream.


March 2014

This month Greenacre Dental sponsored a hole at the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs Annual Golf Day and the number 15 jersey for the 2014 NRL season. IMG_0103IMG_0112   Gum Disease Gum disease is the inflammation of the soft gingival tissue and abnormal bone loss that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place, typically caused by accumulated bacterial plaque along the gum line. It occurs in two stages:  1. Gingivitis and, 2. Periodontitis Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease where dental plaque builds up along the line between gum and tooth. Signs include bleeding, redness of the gum and swelling of the gum. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease that occurs when gingivitis goes untreated. The gum margin is weakened and begins to form space between the tooth and the gum. This is known as a “pocket”. Bacteria easily becomes trapped in these pockets causing inflammation. As periodontitis progresses the bone is lost, pocket space magnifies in size and signs become more obvious e.g. gum swelling and receding gumline, bad breath, bad taste in mouth, excessive bleeding and loosening of teeth. Smoking is a common risk factor of periodontal disease (6x more likely to experience gum disease if you smoke) and smokers suffering this should consider smoking cessation programs. A dentist can perform an charting examination with a periodontal probe to measure pockets, acting as a reference point for follow up appointments. gum disease progression Frequently Asked Questions

Can gum disease be reversed? Gum disease can be reversed with often professional dental cleaning followed by consistent and thorough brushing and flossing.

Why must I be referred to a Periodontist? A periodontist specialises in treating gum disease. This treatment involves careful, deep cleaning of teeth to remove the bacterial infuriation to the gums which stabilises gum disease.

How can I manage flared on gum disease in my pregnancy? During pregnancy, women are at higher risk of developing gingivitis due to increased hormone production. The gum tissues become more susceptible to bacterial and pathogenic attack, increasing gum swelling and bleeding (even if oral hygiene has been good).


February 2014

Brushing Technique In order to prevent dental calamities such as decay, fillings, extractions and more, we must perfect our brushing technique. Brushing teeth should be incorporated into a child’s routine after the age of 2 with a parent’s assistance. Precise technique is essential for maintenance of healthy teeth and gums as well as constant removal of plaque.

How to Brush Correctly

Proper brushing takes 2 minutes (minimum) – using a stopwatch helps little ones know when 2 mins is up! Proper brushing involves short, horizontal, gentle strokes, in a circular motion – not scrubbing! Proper brushing requires special attention to the gumline and those back teeth.  Aim the toothbrush at 45 degree angle towards the gum in an upwards direction. Hold the toothbrush like you would a pencil to avoid aggressive scrubbing. Brush twice a day: first thing in the morning and last thing before bed. For our patients with braces or retainers, brushing after the three main meals of the day is preferable for maintenance of appliances.

Order of cleaning:

  1. Outer surface of the upper teeth                             2. Outer surface of the lower teeth

3. Inner surfaces of the upper and lower  teeth          4.Chewing surfaces i.e. the tops of the  back teeth (upper and lower) 5.Tongue surface Tooth Brushing What type of toothbrush should I use? A soft bristled brush is recommended for removing plaque and debris from teeth, preferably with a small head. For many people, an electric toothbrush is a good alternative to the soft manual toothbrush. However both are suitable, as long as they are being used twice a day. For people with manual dexterity problems or those who struggle mastering the brushing technique, a powered toothbrush is a suitable option.

No more nastiesHow Often Should I Replace My Toothbrush? Usually a toothbrush should be replaced seasonally i.e. every three months.

Extra Information for Children: Useful videos on brushing technique Excellent tooth brushing chart  (printable link) 


January 2014

Following a busy yet productive year, the Greenacre Dental team celebrated with a glorious Christmas dinner at the Olive Restaurant Harris Park. IMG_2665 IMG_2675IMG_2660 imagesCAM0PHWEWater Fluoridation – a brief chemical history In 199, Dr McKay and Dr Vardiman of Colorado, USA began an investigation into why locals were experiencing brown staining on their teeth. At that moment, the stains weren’t recorded in dental literature. By 1915, two major discoveries were established by the dentists: that mottled enamel resulted from imperfections during infanthood and that teeth with the stains were resistant to decay. McKay then suggested there was something in the water supply which mottled teeth. Upon travelling to Idaho, USA in 1923, McKay discovered children there were experiencing similar situations. Residents informed the staining occurred after a communal pipeline delivering water was constructed and connected to the town. A chief chemist, Churchill, in the area,  took over the case, using photosensitive analysis of samples and himself as the guinea pig! The discovery came that the town had excessive levels of fluoride in the water from the pipping. McKay concluded fluoride caused enamel discolouration. Australia took 30 years to join the water fluoridation scheme after America. Fluoridation decreased filling and extraction frequency in the 60’s and 70’s. Nowadays, toothpaste incorporates fluoride in it, but dentists strongly recommend drinking fluorinated water as well for preventative oral care. Fluoridation is not harmful to human health; surplus fluoride might result in enamel mottling or flecking- however it does not damage the tooth like decay does. Sources of fluoride include toothpaste, mouthwashes, water supplies, foods processes or washed with fluoridated water or fluoride supplements. Questions and Answers Is fluoride good for teeth? Yes, but excessive amount can also cause damage. However , too much fluoride can lead to health complications and tooth damage including fluorosis, metabolic syndrome, skin  rashes and impaired glucose intolerance. It does decrease your chance of decay and  oral complications. What is fluorosis? The discolouration of teeth by ingesting too much fluoride during childhood.


December 2013

“All I want for Christmas is to keep my two front teeth” Here are a few tips from us this Christmas season to protect your teeth over the season: 1. Eat at regular meal times (breakfast, lunch and dinner) opposed to constantly munching throughout the day. Reducing the frequency of eating and constant snacking will stop acid attack. 2. Brush your teeth twice a day, particularly before bedtime. 3. Do not brush your teeth directly after eating, because teeth will become soft with the action of scrubbing and the post-eating acid attack. 4. Rinse your mouth with water after your regular meal times. 5. Munch on sugar-free chewing gum after regular meal times. Chewing on sugar free gum eliminates acid in the mouth by making more saliva. 6. Remember to pack your toothbrush, floss and toothpaste when heading away on your holidays! christmas tooth From all of us here at Greenacre Dental we wish you a very Merry Christmas, a happy new year and wonderful holiday season!


November 2013

Congratulations to Dr Chris Papastavros, Dr Huy Dinh and Ari Kontominas for placing 1st overall at the 2013 Meriden Golf Day. Additional congratulations to our hygienist Ari who performed the longest drive on competition day.

The winners